Wednesday, November 25, 2009

How diabetes affects the kidneys, eyes and feet?

Damage to Kidney:
Renal damage Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney disease, according to the National Kidney and exchange information on urologic diseases. Products kidneys are filtering waste from the blood and keep the protein in the office. Diabetes damages the kidneys caused by damage to the glomeruli, the kidneys filter factor. Over time high blood glucose levels are too porous, the glomeruli and protein is lost through the urine (proteinuria). Excess fluid retained in the body of waste and increases the blood pressure to increase because the kidneys) to help control blood pressure by controlling the excess liquid (edema. hypertension, which can also be a side effect of non-diabetics' blood vessels other kidney. Strict control of blood sugar reduces the risk of loss of urine protein 1 / 3, according to the American Diabetes Association.

Damage to Eyes:
Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). The damage caused by diabetes, diabetic retinopathy. Damages blood vessels blood sugar in the eyes of different ways. The smallest blood vessels, capillaries damaged by high glucose and starts (microaneurysms) leakage. High blood sugar also causes blockages in veins and arteries, the oxygen that occurs behind the eyes. When this occurs, the abnormal blood vessels grow in an effort to provide more oxygen to the eyes. The new vessels are fragile to break and leak, which can cause swelling in the macula, central vision.

All these changes can cause loss of vision. Can non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), with little bleeding and leaks or proliferative with the development of new blood vessels leak and cause scarring.

Damage to Feet:
Diabetes feet hurt by damage to nerves that relay pain signals to the legs and around the blood damage caused by ship to the body. Pain is a useful message that warns us when something goes wrong, and we must repair. Diabetic neuropathy breaks the mark numbing sensations that warn of problems. According to the National Clearinghouse on diabetes, the most common form of diabetic neuropathy, peripheral neuropathy, which affects the hands, feet, hands, feet east of the fingers and toes.

To make matters worse, hyperglycemia causes damage to the cardiovascular system associated with hypertension, leading to poor circulation of blood and oxygen to the feet, which means that small lesions are less likely treatment. Thus, a small incision, a foot ulcer or injury that would normally be seen in the observed, and is much worse. Serious infections can lead to loss of toes, feet and legs in diabetics.


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