Tuesday, November 24, 2009

The risk factor of infant gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes puts a number of serious risk factors for young children, whose mother is suffering from its effects. Most of the problems caused to the fetus due to control high blood sugar levels, making the completion of the sugar is so important. This is the woman or with pre-existing diabetes or gestational diabetes because the risk is increased with this disease is that controls both birth defects and fetal death.

One of the most serious problems associated with the mother of diabetic ketoacidosis, which increase the acidity of the blood caused by high blood sugar levels. Embryonic mortality by 50% compared with that complication, because the fetal enzyme system can not operate in an environment of high acid increased.

Another important factor in fetal mortality in diabetic pregnancies is the risk of congenital malformations. This risk occurs in 5 to 10 percent of all pregnancies in which diabetes was a factor. Medical research has shown that it has taken include the increased risk of birth defects through a variety of factors, high levels of blood glucose during the early stages of pregnancy.

The heart, central nervous system and skeletal system are affected by fetal growth. Septal defects, coarctation of the aorta and transposition of great vessels are all defects of the fetal heart at increased risk of gestational diabetes. The central nervous system, hydrocephalus, meningomyelocele and suffering ancephaly. Agenisis sacred is a disease, particularly for developing gestational diabetes, which is not in the spine and sacrum installed properly. This has resulted in severe stunting the growth of the legs.

Macrosomia, or excessive growth and fat storage, is another risk factor for gestational diabetes. Babies born with the disease, too large for gestational age, but can be controlled if the mother keeps her blood sugar levels under control. Large quantities of glucose from the placenta is the main reason for this problem, in which the fetus produces large amounts of insulin to deal with it. The oversupply of insulin causes hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia, the most important factor is macroeconomic babies. Babies who suffer from this condition are not delivered naturally unable, because of their size, are made as necessary C-section.

The return of macrosomia may also occur in a diabetic mother. SGA growth (IUGR) is a disease caused by changes in the vascular system of the mother and lead to a little baby gestationally. These vascular lesions impede the flow of blood to the fetus, the amount of nutrients the fetus receives limited.

The high fetal insulin levels also contribute to the prevention of respiratory distress syndrome in enzymes that are necessary for the production of surfactants. Surfactant is an investment that lines the lungs and can breathe new baby when born.

The last major risk for infants born to mothers with diabetes polycythemia produced in the red blood cells. This leads to an inability for the blood of the mother for oxygen delivery capacity of fetal liver, bilirubin, which consist of the abundance of red blood metabolic effects.

Risk factors for babies of gestational diabetes is very high. For this reason it is important that all pregnant women tested for this form of diabetes during pregnancy. Women with type 1 or type 2 diabetes care during pregnancy has a strict diet, exercise and medication from their team of health care to be followed to ensure the normal development of their babies. Gestational diabetes is present a risk to the unborn fetus, but with proper management and care, the outlook is very positive.


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