Monday, November 23, 2009

Stay healthy companion for life to prevent diabetes

Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, a group of metabolic diseases characterized by blood sugar (glucose). Insulin, a hormone produced by beta cells of the pancreas, helps reduce levels of blood sugar, but the diabetic state, the absence or insufficient production of insulin hyperglycemia - a study on levels of glucose blood Consequently, the level is too high for optimal health.
Diabetes shows few symptoms until it becomes advanced. The first symptoms of diabetes are high blood levels and loss of glucose in urine, urinary frequency and common causes related to the issue of dehydration. Some diabetic patients showing signs of exhaustion, nausea and weight loss. Fluctuations in levels of blood sugar can cause blurred vision.

Insulin is an important regulator of body metabolism and is responsible for elevated levels of blood glucose in diabetes of both types - Type 1 or insulin dependent diabetes and Type 2 or non insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. Type 2 diabetes occurs in 90% of cases. The increase in blood sugar, as cells become resistant to insulin and glucose did not do enough. It is also, obesity and physical inactivity together. If left untreated, high glucose levels in the blood of a slow but constant damage to organs like the eyes, kidneys, blood vessels and nerves. Treatment includes a balanced diet of carbohydrates that extends throughout the day more and more regular physical activity, control of blood glucose and possibly medication.

Diabetic diet, according to medical history of each individual. The general dietary guidelines include avoidance of saturated fat, low cholesterol foods;) many-fiber diet rich sugar intake in the form of fresh fruit (fructose, reducing salt intake and protein in the diet of fish and soy protein (which does not limit the protein from animal fat).
This treatment induced in diabetic patients, if lifestyle changes are not effective. Apart from the injection of insulin in the bloodstream, oral drugs recommended in combination with diet and exercise. A few common prescription drugs are Actos orally and metformin. However, these drugs should be taken under doctor's advice to avoid drug interactions and possible side effects.
• Actos (pioglitazone in general) is used to treat type 2 diabetes. Pioglitazone is an anti-hyperglycemic agent that helps the body use insulin better and reduces the amount of sugar produced in the liver.
• Metformin (Generic Glucophage) is used to treat type 2 diabetes. First, metformin reduces the amount of glucose produced by the liver and, secondly, it reduces the amount of glucose absorbed from food, and thirdly, it makes the insulin that the body is better to reduce the amount of glucose in the blood produced.

Diabetes is a chronic disease that, if it appears to last a lifetime. Patients with diabetes should never forget the importance of diet and exercise. The control of diabetes begins with a healthy lifestyle, regardless of who used drugs.


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